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What is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a common and chronic scaly rash that can impact people of all ages. It is a non-contagious disorder that cannot be passed on to anyone else by exposure or touch. It can however run in families. Psoriasis is caused by over activity of the immune system that results in more than normal turnover of cells. The skin gets thick and raised red coloured patches that have dry and silvery white build-up of scales. These patches may appear anywhere on the body.

Some people with psoriasis also develop joint pains that may involve one or more joints. There are different patterns of this skin disorder. These are identified by a dermatologist and classified as:

  • Plaque
  • Guttate
  • Inverse
  • Pustular
  • Erythrodermic

What are the symptoms of this condition?

The signs and symptoms of psoriasis can differ from person to person but it usually affects in form of:

  • Reddish patches on any part of the skin (called plaque) that may be covered by silvery white coating (called scales)
  • Itching on some or all of the patches
  • Gradual thickening of the patches if they are scratched
  • Nail problems such as pits, crumbling of nails and nails falling off
  • Burned appearance of skin with intense itching or pain (erythrodermic psoriasis)
In case of pustular psoriasis, the symptoms appear as:

  • Red and swollen bumps filled with pus – these are usually on skin of palms and soles
  • Soreness and pain in areas where bumps form
  • Skin getting bright red
  • Problems like fever, chills, severe itching, muscle weakness and loss of appetite as pus filled bumps start covering more parts of the body

What causes psoriasis?

As per studies on psoriasis, this condition has genetic and environmental components. It is further mediated by the immune system. Under normal conditions skin cells developed in the deepest layers of skin slowly move towards the surface. As these mature they are mired off the body surface and are supplanted by new cells from underneath.

This is a cyclic process that takes about a month. But when you have psoriasis wherein your immune system is abnormally activated, the skin cycle gets disturbed and rapid. So the cells now move from the deeper layers of skin to its surface in about 4 days instead of a month. With the cells moving so quickly they do not get sufficient time to mature and start accumulating on the surface of skin. This forms the raised, red patches of psoriasis.

If one or both or your parents have psoriasis it is not necessary that you might have inherited the disease. Along with a certain combination of genes, this skin disorder develops when it is triggered by stressful events, cold and dry weather, a cut, scratch or sun burn and intake of certain anti malarial medicines.

Am I at risk of developing psoriasis?

While anyone may be affected, the factors that put you at a higher risk of developing this condition include:

  • Family history of psoriasis
  • Viral and bacterial infections – people with HIV are at a greater risk of developing psoriasis and children or young adults with recurring infections like strep throat may also get this condition
  • High levels of stress
  • Being overweight
  • Smoking

How to prevent this condition?

Psoriasis is a chronic disease and as it is related to abnormal activity of immune system and skin cells, it cannot be prevented. A treatment supervised by your dermatologist is therefore necessary. But like most other skin conditions, there are ways to control the disturbing symptoms:

  • Follow a healthy lifestyle by taking balanced diet, not smoking and restricting or completely stopping your intake of alcohol
  • Visit a doctor if your joints start feeling stiff and sore as this could be a sign of psoriatic arthritis
  • Consult your doctor or dermatologist if your nails start to pull away from nail bed or develop ridges and yellowish-orange colour - these too are signs of psoriatic arthritis
If you are already on a course of anti-psoriasis medicines prescribed by your doctor, do not stop it without consultation.

Treatment at Skin Alive

The treatment for psoriasis may be given through topical corticosteroids or tar creams and also involves Vitamin D analogues, systemic medication and retinoids. For some patients dermatologists recommend Photochemotherapy and other UVA or UVB based procedures.

For safe psoriasis treatment, Skin Alive uses light and laser therapy in combination with topical medications. These are in form of:

  • NdYAG Laser - A pulsed light or laser beam delivered by the system is selectively absorbed by the vessels of the lesions and stimulates healing.
  • Cynergy PDL Laser-It is used in treatment of vascular and pigmented lesions.Very effective in treating Psoriasis

Your Appointment

The kind of psoriasis treatment you receive at Skin Alive depends upon the symptoms of your condition and the remedies that you may have used earlier. Your dermatologist will inform you about the options that are safe and most effective in treatment of your condition. The purpose is to help you get rid of painful and cosmetically upsetting signs of this disorder and also to prevent further damage to the skin cells.

Skin Alive works to offer you the proven techniques & products to improve the appearance and texture of your skin. At our centres, you also receive ongoing comprehensive aftercare as part of your treatment.

Call us on +91-8010503503 to book your appointment.

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